After many attempts, the town of Coquimbo - La Serena was finally permanently established in 1549. It is located about 2/3's of the way up the Pacific coast of the country. It became a major shipping point for copper and other ores mined in the area.
Between the years of 1759 and 1680 the town was the target of a number of English pirates and raiding parties.
The town has become one of the fastest growing cities in all of Chile. Interesting is that most of the buildings in Coquimbo - La Serena are built out of wood. The wood is actually Oregon pine that was used as ballast for ships coming from North America and returning north filled with copper.
Today, La Serena has a population around 200,000.